> Summer in taking part in out-door sports matters
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1. The summer in taking part in out-door sports note: sunscreen is very important

Summer coastline through or climbing, sunshine is quite strong, be sure to pay attention to prevent bask in. Generally speaking, the team start in the morning, arrived at the place of departure is nearly noon, team ahead of time is not long, has been at noon. This time the highest temperature, scorching sun, the ultraviolet ray in sunshine has special strongly, the skin long time exposed to the sun, can cause 1 ~ 2 degree burn, and will happen heatstroke phenomenon. Ultraviolet ray also can pass through the skin, bone, radiation to the meninges, retina, the brain and eye damage.

Measures: high temperature weather should try to avoid go coastline and ridge on the fire zone. To participate in the activities of the general must take a sun hat, sunglasses, sunscreen, towel, wear long sleeve blouse, and take rheo-camphoradin, Dan, ageratum upright pill, cooling oil etc sunstroke prevention medicine.

2, water

Summer outdoor sports sweat more, must be timely supplement moisture, but if the water way wrong, can cause undesirable consequence. A lot of beverage advertising in the model, in motion or at rest, often took a bottle of drink in one gulp, looks very thirst, in fact, from the Angle of exercise physiology speaking, is very harmful. Sports and sports after drinking lots of water, will give blood circulation system, digestive system, especially to increase heart burden, cause more fatigue. Drinking lots of water will only is the result of sweat more, cause salt further erosion, cause spasm, cramps.

Response: a few for many times, every time drink only drink a few mouth, the number of some water frequently, don't depend on the feeling of thirsty as supplement moisture basis, not thirsty also want to add water to the water balance to replenish. Don't a drinking lots of water, but not control supplement moisture, if moisture loss of not complement, serious can cause kidney failure.

Generally speaking, nanning peripheral summer day activities (5-8 hours), will need at least 2-3 litres of potable water, high temperature circumstances even need 6 premium. Suggest carrying quantity: 600 ml of bottled water with four above, 550 ml of sports drinks (grape optimum or better music), 1 branch above, pickled with 50 grams. Also can allocate sports drinks, recipe: green tea or black tea several (sacked 2 pouches), tang and the fruit taste powder impact drinks some, glucose several, edible a pinch of salt (optional, medical physiological salt best).

3, fever (heat exhaustion, heat)

Summer in taking part in out-door sports, due to the high temperature, amount of exercise, body heat accumulated more than sending out, if you don't pay attention to the prevention, it is easy to happen fever, slight fever for heat exhaustion, serious is heat stroke (also is heatstroke). In the high temperature weather movement, the human body in order to reduce temperature, skin blood vessels will be expanded, but also because of a large number of perspiration and lead to the phenomenon of water loss occurs, the cycle to the brain and other important parts of the blood will reduce to abnormal levels. The result can produce the following symptoms: pulse quickened, skin wet, dizziness, weakness, nausea, this is the heat exhaustion. If not timely processing temperature, the temperature of the body further accumulation and make the body's key organ temperature rise to a dangerous level, can appear emergency symptoms: pulse fast, weak, headache, mental state changes (consciousness fuzzy or can't fit, slowly fell into a coma), skin blanching and flood rubeosis, it shows that has happened heatstroke, if not handled in a timely manner, can have life risk.

Measures: because activities in order to prevent bask in and prevent body is thatch, thorns strain, on the march need to wear a hat, wear long pants, but it took cooling problems. In order to help the body temperature to send out, in the sun when descending water to soak hat, In the sunless place when walking, remove the hat, The rest of the time, as far as possible the backpacks down, put the coat neckline button untie some; The rest of the best place is less than the sun and ventilated place.

Marching on the way to pay attention to rhythm, a walk is unfavorable for more than an hour, high temperature circumstances 30 minutes rest time, according to the specific circumstances rest 5 to 15 minutes, lest pulse too fast, a high body temperature and a lot of sweat cause heatstroke. In addition, all the way must pay attention to supplement water, salt and electrolyte, with neat sunstroke prevention medicine.

If muscle cramps, immediately find rest areas, in the affected area massage, slowly will cramp parts of the muscle relieve stretch, the most important thing is timely supplement water and electrolytes.

When there is heat exhaustion after, must rest immediately, the best is to find a cool place, the patients feet up, head slightly lower, immediately added water and electrolyte and liquid things, take rheo-camphoradin, Dan, ageratum upright wandeng sunstroke prevention medicine.

When there is heat stroke (heat) phenomenon, must be processed immediately. The patient may because consciousness fuzzy to cooperation, must help patients to a cool place, use steam cooling method, the water sprinkle evenly to the patient's body, head, and constantly blowing, (had better have ice, with towel wrapped up on your head, body cooling). Wait until the body temperature returned to normal body temperature, they don't have to has cooled. But to continue to observe the temperature of the patients and health, because the body temperature may rise again and need to carry out further cooling. If the patient's vomiting reflection ability and swallowing ability no problem, can give patients drink cold liquid objects, supplement water and electrolyte and liquid things, take rheo-camphoradin, Dan, ageratum upright wandeng sunstroke prevention medicine.

Generally speaking, most of the thermal failure patients, after processing returned to normal after, basically can continue to finish the following activities. Serious heatstroke patients, unless the recovery is very good, it is suggested that look for a person to accompany let patients exit activities.